“Men attribute their success to themselves and women attribute it to other external factors.” (Facebook COO Shery Sandberg)
There are 49.6% are female of total population and only 50% are working. Fact is that Women’s are continuously progressing and the number of working women is increasing continuously but still there are Top 5 hardships that women’s have to face in Australian Organizations such as Work-life balance, Equal pay, Harassment, Less Career opportunities and Children and career related issues.
It’s a Global issue, in Asia Organizations they do not prefer female workers because they have less experience and there is the perception of a high turnover of females due to them raising their child. Australian HRC received more than thousand complaints under Sex Discrimination Act in 2011-2012. In 2017-2018 27% of complaints received by the Human Rights were lodged under the Sex Discrimination Act. In terms of employment this was 82% in the same year.
Understanding of the Sex discrimination Act (SDA)
The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 (Cth) makes it against the law to treat you unfairly because of your: sex; gender identity; intersex status; sexual orientation; marital or relationship status (including same-sex de facto couples); family responsibilities; because you are pregnant or might become pregnant; because you are breastfeeding.
The SDA also makes sexual harassment against the law. You can use the SDA to get fair treatment in:
- Employment – getting a job, terms and conditions of a job, training, promotion, being dismissed.
- Education– enrolling or studying in a course at a private or public school, college or university.
- Accommodation– renting or buying a house or unit.
- Getting or using services – such as banking and insurance services, services provided by government departments, transport services, professional services like those provided by lawyers, doctors or tradespeople, services provided by restaurants, shops or entertainment venues.
What is sex discrimination?
Sex discrimination happens when a person is treated less favorably than a person of a different sex would be treated in the same or similar circumstances. For example, it may be direct sex discrimination if male employees are paid more than employees of a different sex who are doing the same work.
Discrimination also happens when there is a rule or policy that is the same for everyone but has an unfair effect on people of a particular sex. This is called indirect discrimination. For example, it may be indirect discrimination if a policy says that managers must work full-time, as this might disadvantage women, who are more likely to need to work part-time due to responsibilities for caring for children.
These issues usually arise because of long standing norms that Males are in the workplace and the providers and the women remain at home to bring up the family. But now Organizations have made strong policies, laws and programs to deal with such problems.
Following are the initiatives that Australian Government took to boost up women participation at workplace. I have set these out below.
- 18 weeks paid parental leave at minimum wage
- Two weeks paid leaves for Fathers
- Flexible work arrangement under National employment laws
- Special care of employees having children of school age and employees facing family violence or providing support to a family
- Equal wages Order by Fair Work Australia in 2012
- At least 40% women must be on Australian Government boards; therefore women’s received 38.4% of Government board appointments in 2012
- Policies to focus on Gender diversity at workplace
- Strong policies to reduce sexual harassment
- Sex Discrimination Act 2011 to reduce sexual harassment
- Pregnancy Guidelines 2001 focuses on all issues and its solution regarding pregnancy
Because of above policies number of women on AXS boards has to increase from 8.3% to 15.4% within 3years. Government has made quota system to increase the Percentage of working women. Women’s are proved to be more supportive, rewarding, Compassionate, productive and influential. Link
From December 2018 Modern Awards included new ruled about request for flexible working. Before responding to a request from an eligible employee, an employer must first discuss the request with the employee to try to reach an agreement about a change to their working arrangements. Requests can only be refused on reasonable business grounds. If employers refuse a request, they need to provide the employee with a written response.
What the new arrangements require
Employers have greater consultation obligations than previously. If an employee makes a written request for flexible working arrangements, employers must:
- Before formally responding, discuss the issue with the employee and genuinely try to agree on an arrangement that suits both of you. The discussion should cover the needs of both parties, the potential consequences for the employee if no change occurs, and any reasonable business-related issues.
- Respond to the request in writing within 21 days.
- If you refuse the request, the written reasons must include the “business grounds” for refusal (see further below), explain why those grounds are relevant, and any changes to working arrangements that you are able to offer.
- If you agree to the original request, or agree on an alternative flexible work arrangement, you must formalise it in writing.
What are “reasonable business grounds”?
“Reasonable business grounds” are defined in sec 65(5) and (5A) of the Fair Work Act. They include:
- Excessive cost of new arrangements
- Unable or impracticable to change other employees’ work arrangements to accommodate the request, or recruit new employees
- Significant loss to efficiency or productivity
- Significant negative impact on customer service
Note that you need to quantify any of the above reasons in your response, not merely state that they exist. The Act’s dispute resolution procedures will apply if the employee is unhappy with the way a request was handled and wants to take the matter further.
It’s not all doom and gloom for women – we have many examples of successful women’s including Shery Sandberg, Helen Gurley, Shery Sandberg, Heather Thomson, Ellen Alemany, Alexandra Lebenthal and many more.
Still Word Economic Forum suggests that “It will take 170 years more to have men and women in equal number at workplace” according to the World economic Forum. The report says: “More than a decade of data has revealed that progress is still too slow for realizing the full potential of one half of humanity within our lifetimes.”
Although Governments and Human rights departments initiate multiple policies, laws, programs and to make sure their implementation there is another way to look at this. The Law of attraction and Self leadership theory suggests that if you want to be successful you need to think positive & make yourself confident.
“You are the creator of your own reality.” Anonymous
“Your whole life is a manifestation of the thoughts that go on in your head.” Lisa Nichols
The Law of Attraction works like this: If you think of a thought, you will attract similar thoughts to yourself. This law requires us to understand that our thoughts work like magnets and have a certain frequency. Therefore, as you allow certain thoughts to dwell in your mind, it somehow attracts all similar events that are on the same frequency, whether they are negative or positive thoughts.
“What you think, you create.
What you feel, you attract.
What you imagine, you become.”
Women at Workplace should keep following points in Mind to forge their way to success
- Stop undervaluing yourself because to be a Women is your Positive point
- If you achieve a good job don’t stick, Find another good opportunity
- If you disagree with any point, Speak up
- Be strong at your arguments, your “yes” should mean “YES” and “NO” means “NO”.
- Negotiate about your pay before employer make final decision. A survey shows that men salaries are 7.5% higher than women’s because they negotiate
- Keep your eyes and ears open at workplace
- Participate in extracurricular activities at your workplace
- Don’t afraid, face and win the situation
- Don’t be a follower, be the Inspiration for others
- Be realistic, set your Goals and use Path goal strategy to achieve your Goal
- Be Confident, Be strong